Eradicating malaria by 2050 — why study says it can be done
The information herein discusses the possibility of eradicating Malaria by 2050 as the global malaria incidence and death numbers have shown a decreasing trend.
A report published by the Lancet Commission on malaria eradication has concluded that it is possible to eradicate malaria as early as 2050 or within a generation if we resort to right strategies and sufficient funding. The report considered new epidemiological and financial analyses for coming up with this report. It is worth noting that global malaria incidence and death rates declined by 36% and 60% respectively since 2000.
In 2000, the numbers were - 262 million cases and 8,39,000 deaths which reduced to reported 219 million cases and 4,35,000 malaria deaths in 2017. These numbers are for 86 countries. In present times, more than half of the world’s countries are Malaria-free. But the story is not the same everywhere as there are over 200 million cases of malaria reported each year, claiming nearly half a million lives. The cases of Malaria are increasing in 55 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
29 countries account for the large majority of new cases and 85% of global deaths in 2017. 27 of these are African countries and two countries (Nigeria and Democratic Republic of Congo) alone account for 36% of global cases. On the contrary, 38 countries had incidences of fewer than ten cases per 1,000 in 2017 and reported just 5% of total malaria deaths. Hence, there is inequity in Malaria cases. In order to estimate the possible scenarios for the distribution and intensity of Malaria in 2030 and 2050, the report used new modeling techniques.
As per the analysis, socioeconomic and environmental trends coupled with improved coverage of malaria interventions would help create a world in 2050 with malaria persisting only in pockets of low-level transmission in equatorial Africa. For eradicating Malaria by 2050, the report highlights three ways to quicken the decline in cases of Malaria. They are – 1) Improvement in implementation of malaria control programmes across the globe. 2) Development and roll out of innovative new tools to overcome the biological challenges to eradication and 3) Financial investment must be provided by malaria-endemic countries and other donors.
With improved techniques to eradicate Malaria, the world is well on course to eradicate Malaria by 2050. However, in Africa, more needs to be done as they are most susceptible to Malaria.